(i) Better Understanding of the Student:

Teacher training is a must as it enables the potential teacher to understand the student better. The knowledge of educational psychology helps him a lot in dealing with children scientifically. Untrained teachers not familiar with the subject may create problem children in the school.

(ii) Building Confidence:

Teacher training builds confidence in the potential of teachers. A trained teacher can essentially face the class with confidence. He is not timid or shy. He can tackle many odd situations and he does not run away from problem situations.

(iii) Using Methodology of Teaching:

Through training, the future teacher becomes familiar with methodology of teaching. He also gets essential knowledge of methods required for a particular subject. He teaches with flair and not in a routine way.

(iv) Building Favourable Attitude:

A sort of brain wash is also done through training. It helps in building favourable towards the teaching profession. During the course of training, many doubts of the teacher trainee's stand removed. It results in creation of love and respect for teaching profession.

(v) Familiarizing with the Latest in Education:

Teacher training programmes familiarize the future teachers with all that is latest in education. An attitude of research and experimentation is attempted to be created in them.

(vi) Making Familiar with School Organisation:

During the course of teacher training, we familiarize the teacher trainees with organisation and administration of the schools. It is of immense use to them in later life.

(vii) Creating social Insight:

Teacher training is must as it is required to teach the teachers to live a community life. Training is essential to create social insight in them.

(viii) Improving Standards:

We are interested in raising the standards or the quality of education. A trained teacher can be a great help in improving the quality of education and also in checking wastage.

(ix) Training for Democracy:

Lastly, training is a must to produce teachers who can teach with zeal and zest and can strengthen the democratic set up in the country'. Training is required not only with the sole aim of making one a good teacher but also making him a good citizen.


(i) Content Pedagogy
The teacher understands the central concepts, tools of inquiry, and structures of the disciplines he or she teaches and can create learning experiences that make these aspects of subject matter meaningful for students.

(ii) Student Development
The teacher understands how children learn and develop, and can provide learning opportunities that support a child's intellectual, social, and personal development.

(iii) Diverse Learners
The teacher understands how students differ in their approaches to learning and creates instructional opportunities that are adapted to diverse learners.

(iv) Multiple Instructional Strategies
The teacher understands and uses a variety of instructional strategies to encourage student development of critical thinking, problem solving, and performance skills within the social studies.

(v) Motivation and Management
The teacher uses an understanding of individual and group motivation and behavior to create a learning environment that encourages positive social interaction, active engagement in learning, and self motivation.

(vi) Communication and Technology
The teacher uses knowledge of effective verbal, nonverbal, and media communication techniques to foster active inquiry, collaboration, and supportive interaction in the classroom.

(vii) Planning
The teacher plans social studies instruction based upon knowledge of subject matter, students, the community, and curriculum goals.

(viii) Assessment
The teacher understands and uses formal and informal assessment strategies to evaluate and ensure the continuous intellectual, social, and physical development of the learner.

(ix) Reflective Practice: Professional GrowthThe teacher is a reflective practitioner who continually evaluates the effects of his or her choices and actions on others (students, parents, and other professionals in the learning community) and who actively seeks out opportunities to grow professionally.